An old Indian legend says that Dios had not finished yet with the Amazon when the man made his appearance. It tells the story that God decided to leave, hoping that the man will not last long, to return and finish their work. Today more than 20 million people live in this unfinished task which extends from the Andes in the West to the Atlantic in the East, desdela Guyana plateau to the North, from the Brazilian savanna to the South. That size is disconcerting and contains: 5% of the world’s land. 20% of the reserve of fresh water. 1 / 3 of the world’s forests. 40% Of South America.
60 Percent of Brazil. 0.4% Of the world’s population. Despite being a great jungle in continuity, the Amazoniase presents very differentiated from the geophysical and ecological perspective. Clear examples that curious travelers will discover are the rivers of different color: from the deep black of the waters of the rio Negro to the muddy waters of yellow color the Solimoes and its majestic encounter in which two colors travel side by side for many miles, without even mingle. At that appointment, is likely that the traveller will discover to the boto rosa, pre-historico pink Dolphin of the Amazon, character in many legends and tales banned in the region.
In fact, the traveller faces one of the last frontiers of true wilderness. Multiple ecosystems coexist integrated among themselves; While flooded forests and alluvial plains (known locally as igapo and varzea) cover 5% of the region, the rest of the field is composed of dry land forest. There are five regions with specific geographies and biological characteristics of each: Atlantic Amazonia, with marshes bordering the sea along the coast of the Brazilian States of Para and Amapa in Brazil; the central alluvial plain, which extends from the Atlantic to the Peru following the course of the Amazon River; the Plateau North, a land of poor soils becomes more Rocky and mountainous as it progresses northward;the South, a land of rich soils and wild muddy rivers basin; and the cis-Andean Amazon, a transition zone that ends at the steep snowy slopes of the Andes.