It would not be exaggerated to say, without fear to be wrong, the image that Israel planned in analyzed aspects radically changed in term of few decades, or rather went from a pole to another. Orthodox religious sectors (not so-called religious national) took advantage of favorable electoral conjunctures and negotiated support for Government coalitions in return for release all its young people of enlistment to the army to allow them their sacred Torah study. Read additional details here: P&G. The process of globalization and privatization that spanned all over the world, also left their marks on israeli society. The combination of the disengagement of the governmental institutions of all responsibility for social support groups weak or needy together with an ideology promoted by the Government of a marked predominance of personal interest to the general, it triggered the intensification of the efforts of many young people sneak by any means possible of enlistment to the army. Anything they earned noisy campaigns of promotion of mobilization or threats of possible penalties. The statistics of recent years are very clear and reflect how distanced in time was that expression all the people army. In 2008 it was reported that 34% of young Jews are not ready for various reasons (young Arabs are exempt by law be submitted to the army).
The second fact that reflects even with greater intensity this estrangement is only 4.5% of the population in age appropriate participates in the mobilization of the reserve in the army. The army, for its part, also left virtually all activity that represented a significant contribution to civil society, as it was in its time the artistic and cultural aspects as the educational and colonization of desert or frontier areas. The persistence and deepening of this trend will necessarily lead to the beginning of the programming of a future professional army based in mobilizing fostered by the economic reward and not the enlistment of every citizen according to the social commitment to the security of the State.